Here we detail the ingredients and exactly what Civant skincare have included them for, so that you can rest easy that you are not doing permanent damage to your skin whilst you are using Meladerm.
More in-depth information can be found on the official website, but here we give it to you in a concise and easy to understand format.
The following ingredients are included to reduce hyperpigmentation:-
Alpha Arbutin is a water soluble ingredient that encourages skin lightening by restricting oxidation of Tyrosine. This enzyme is part of the chain reaction that is triggered by UV light and ends up with the creation of melanins – which are what darkens the skin. Alpha Arbutin also minimizes liver spots and is said to have no side effects.
Tego Cosmo C is an amino acid derivative that also inhibits tyrosinase in the melanin creation process. Therefore it is suitable for use in skin brightening creams.
Gigawhite is a skin lightener that is derived from 7 different plants (including peppermint and mallow) that are grown organically. Studies have shown that it is an extremely effective skin whitener with the additional benefit of reducing both the size and color or age spots. Tests have concluded that it is safe for cosmetic use.
Gigawhite is used as a replacement for Hydroquinone that is present in some other skin lightening products. There are well documented concerns about the use of Hydroquinone, so the fact that Meladerm does not contain this ingredient is comforting.
Kojic Acid is produced as part of the process of fermenting malting rice for Japanese sake rice wine. It is a mild skin lightener that restricts production of melanin that makes the skin brown.
Licorice Extract is included as part of the plant (Glabridin) restricts tyrosine activity in the same way as Alpha Arbutin does making it an effective skin whitener. It also has the benefit of being non-toxic to the cells that it affects.
Niacinamide is actually Vitamin B3 and is present in many foods, including yeast, fish, eggs, green vegetables and beans. It has skin whitening properties that work by restricting the transfer of melanin to the outer layer of the skin, therefore reducing skin color.
Mulberry Root Extract is obtained from the root of the mulberry/fig family. The extract used is a very strong inhibitor of the tyrosinase enzyme and therefore demonstrates powerful skin lightening properties.
BearBerry Extract is commonly referred to as Arbutin. Again it is a tyrosinase inhibitor as many other ingredients are. It is actually a derivative of Hydroquinone but does not break down easily and is considered safe for use.
Glycolic Acid is an alpha hydroxy acid that encourages skin exfoliation. This encourages cell production which helps to even out skin marks and also helps other ingredients to penetrate further into the skin.
Lactic Acid is also an alpha hydroxy acid that is suitable for sensitive skin. It behaves in the same way as Glycolic acid above.
Lemon Juice Extract and other citrus extracts have natural skin bleaching properties. Although they can be harsh on the skin in pure form, when used in moderation are a good addition to a skin whitening product.
Vitamin C in its various forms are antioxidants and some have demonstrated that they have an ability to reduce the production of melanin.
Wrinkles / Fine Lines
Below are the ingredients included for reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles:-
Ceramide 2, Palmiteyl Oligopeptide is an ingredient that uses a peptide technology to reduce wrinkles and signs of aging. It does this by reducing dryness of the skin by enhancing water retention. This is especially help for reducing wrinkles and lines around the eyes
Argireline® inhibits the release of neurotransmitters and works by relaxing tension in the skin. When used regularly this helps to reduce wrinkles and lines on the face.
Dark Circles / Puffy Eyes
Finally the last two ingredients are intended to help with dark circles and puffy eyes:-
Emblica Extract is a plant-based natural antioxidant. It is included as an ingredient as it has a skin whitening effect.
Vitamin K is found in abundance in green leafy vegetables. It is included for its blood coagulation properties and its effectiveness for reducing the appearance of dark blood vessels that are close to the skin under the eyes.
As you can see from the above list of ingredients, they are all targeted at specific areas of skin whitening. The combined effect of these ingredients are what Meladerm such a successful product. Some ingredients may work for an individual better than others, but the combination has been shown to be effective – the large amount of positive reviews are evidence of this.